UK_SMALL.jpg


British people live in the United Kingdom. When referring to a group of people, they are known as the British. Speaking in a singular sense, Briton is the proper classification. British people are either English, Scottish, Welsh, or Irish. A misconception many people hold is that people from the UK are "English", but this would infer they are from England, and citizens may take offense to this. Instead, they should be referred to by their country of origin or as British to encompass all countries. The primary language is English, although it should be noted that Scotts, Gaelic, Welsh, Irish, and Cornish are spoken as well. As of July 2011, the population was estimated to be 62,698,362, which is 22% of the world's overall population. The age breakdown of the population is as follows:
  • 0-14 years: 17.3%
  • 15-64 years: 66.2%
  • 65+ years: 16.5%
The median age is 40 years old, and is 38.8 years for males and 41.1 years for females. Life expectancy for citizens of the United Kingdom is on average 80.05 years, 77.95 for males and 82.25 for females.

As of 2011, the population of the United Kingdom came out to be just over 62 million. The UK is ranked as having one of the highest population densities in the world. Roughly one-third of that population settles in England's southeast while just about 9 million reside in Europe's largest city, London. The United Kingdom have an extremely high literacy rate (99%) due in large part to mandatory education from ages 5-16.

The United Kingdom is made up of a variety of ethnic groups and has always been a mixed society. The ethnic group make-up is as such:
  • 92.1% White (83.6% English, 8.6% Scottish, 4.9% Welsh, 2.9% Northern Irish)
  • 2% Black
  • 1.8% Indian
  • 1.3% Pakistani
  • 1.2% Mixed
  • 1.6% Other

Christianity has been the longstanding religion of the United Kingdom. However, immigration and demographic changes have brought light to a number of new faiths. According to the most recent UK census, Christianity is still the most popular religion. Among the rest are Islam, Hinduism, Neo-Paganism, Sikhism, Judaism, and Buddhism. It should be noted that, just like other areas, the United Kingdom has a large amount of people who subscribe to no religion. The Church of England and the Church of Scotland are the official churches of the country.

As for family life in the UK, the standard definition of family is changing. There has been a drastic increase in the number of single-parent households. It is estimated that by 2020, there will be less married people than single people. In the past, divorce was largely frowned upon. Today, views on marriage are changing, with many couples living together, but not married. Also, an increasing percentage of children are being born into families with cohabiting parents. In regard to marriage, people are getting married at younger ages and women are less willing to have children at young ages. Instead, they want to concentrate on their career and achieve success first. On average, 2.4 people live as a family in a house.

British society can be split up into three social classes: the upper class, the middle class, and the lower or working class. The upper class consists of those who inherit wealth, with many constituents being aristocrats. The majority of people from the UK are members of the middle class, including shop owners and other professionals. The lower class is made of agricultural, mine, and factory workers. However, the British class system does not mean much in terms of society today.

There are a variety of stereotypes about the people of the UK, including the stereotype of drunken football fans or a large involvement in sports. Realistically, the British are not too different from the average American citizen. The people of the UK engage in a variety of leisure activities, both indoor and outdoor, such as watching television, socializing, sports and hobbies, listening to the radio, reading, gardening, eating out, and going to the movies. Shopping and watching tv have proven to be the most common leisure activities in today's society.